Symptoms & Diagnosis
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Why Obesity Must Worry You
Obesity is gradually spreading like am epidemic almost everywhere in the world. It is simply not a mere weight gain but leads to many more serious conditions like diabetes, heart problems, breathing problems like sleep apnea and asthma, osteoarthritis leading to permanent pain in joints and even cancer of the ovary, esophagus, breast and colon. It disturbs almost every aspect of your day to day life. In fact, it has been scientifically proved that obesity reduces the span of your life by fourteen years.
When simple activities start becoming a task, it’s time to look for weight loss options.
How to define obesity levels
The obesity is determined by calculating your Body Mass Index (BMI). BMI is a simply a ratio of your body and height.
BMI is calculated by dividing a person’s weight by the square of their height
The Indication for BMI Range
|16.5 to 22.4
|22.5 to 27.4
|Class I, Obesity
|27.5 to 32.4
|Class II, Serious Obesity
|32.5 to 37.4
|Class III, Severe Obesity
|37.5 and greater
In Asian population, who are more prone to develop central or truncal obesity, waist circumference is also taken into account to determine obesity levels.
BMI is just one indicator to decide your obesity levels and the risk of potential health problems associated with it. The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute guidelines recommend to look at waist circumference especially for Asian population which are more prone to Truncal Obesity or Pot belly obesity.
What causes Obesity?
It is very important to understand that obesity is not only the result of bad eating habits.
Obesity can be a result of underlying medical problems like Thyroid disorders, Cushing syndrome or PCOD etc. Obesity can even be result of genetic disorders which makes it very difficult to lose weight or maintain the weight loss.
A complete and thorough evaluation of exact cause of obesity is very essential to get desired and optimal results in terms of weight loss.
Why Bariatric Surgery?
It is the only modality that offers sustainable, significant, and successful weight loss.
There are several types of bariatric or weight-loss surgeries with its own indications and benefits.
Depending upon the type of surgery, it can either restrict the amount of food intake or limits the number of calories that are absorbed by the body or it can be a combination of both.
It also brings hormonal changes in the body which suppresses your appetite, controls your diabetes, and blood pressure.
Who should undergo Bariatric Surgery?
A bariatric specialist is the best person to guide whether you should opt for bariatric surgery. However certain guidelines can help you to understand the right candidate for weight loss surgery:
Types Of Bariatric Surgery/Weight Loss Surgery
There are many types of bariatric suregry procedures. Weight loss surgery procedures are listed as under: